The month of Muharram
The month of Muharram moment is extremely valuable to pass. therefore, while all of us to get to know the primacy of the month of Muharram which is mentioned in the Quran and Al-Hadith.
- Muharram is one of the sacred months.
Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred. That is the correct religion, so do not wrong yourselves during them. And fight against the disbelievers collectively as they fight against you collectively. And know that Allah is with the righteous [who fear Him]. (QS. At-Tawbah : 36)
In the above verse mentioned that there are twelve months in a year. Among the twelve months of the four sacred months that in Zulkaidah, Zulhijjah, Muharram, and Rajab. Muharram is the month that glorified The Almighty Allah. Months it signifies the sanctity so that a special month.
Early Muslim people to maintain the sanctity and glory of the months that they are often forbidden to war unless forced. The Muslims are also reminded to be away from the bad deeds in it such as stealing, fighting, and so on.
In Muharram Muslims forbidden to fight or kill in the months of the privileged. If there was someone who breaks them, their sins would be a lot of multiplied from the other months. And otherwise, Allah will give him a great reward for the people who do good deeds for the month.
The scholars agreed that the four sacred months has primacy compared with other months besides Ramadan.
2. The recommended good deeds in the month of Muharram
It has been mentioned that the words of Qatada: The practice of pious doubled the reward in the sacred months. so that in general any form of goodness is recommended to be reproduced and enhanced in the month of Muharram.
There are some religious practices are recommended specifically for the month is to multiply the sunnah fasting as in the hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah said,
“The most preferred Fasting after Ramadan is fasting in the holy month of Muharram and prayer is most major after the obligatory fasting is prayer Layl” (Hadith Muslim)
3. Hadith about fasting on the day Ashura
Abdullah ibn Umar reported: During the time of ignorance, the people would fast the day of Ashura and the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, and the Muslims would fast as well until the fasting of Ramadan was made an obligation. Then the Prophet said, “Verily, Ashura is a day among the days of Allah, so whoever wishes to fast may do so and whoever wishes to break his fast may do so.”
Source: Sahih Muslim 1126
(The tribe of) Quraish used to fast on the day of Ashura’ in the Pre-Islamic period, and then Allah’s Apostle ordered (Muslims) to fast on it till the fasting in the month of Ramadan was prescribed; whereupon the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “He who wants to fast (on ‘Ashura’) may fast, and he who does not want to fast may not fast.”
Narrated Ibn `Umar:
The Prophet (ﷺ) observed the fast on the 10th of Muharram (‘Ashura), and ordered (Muslims) to fast on that day, but when the fasting of the month of Ramadan was prescribed, the fasting of the ‘Ashura’ was abandoned. `Abdullah did not use to fast on that day unless it coincided with his routine fasting by chance.
4. The virtue of fasting on the day Ashura
a. Whoever who wants to fast on the day Ashura should also fast the previous day